Drama: Coriolanus by William Shakespeare


Studying on your own requires self-discipline and a carefully thought-out work plan in order to be effective.

  1. Drama is a special kind of writing (the technical term is 'genre') because it needs a performance in the theatre to arrive at a full interpretation of its meaning. Try to imagine that you are a member of the audience when reading the play. Think about how it could be presented on the stage, not just about the words on the page.
  2. Drama is always about conflict of some sort (which may be below the surface). Identify the conflicts in the play and you will be close to identifying the large ideas or themes which bind all the parts together.
  3. Make careful notes on plot and any sub-plots, themes, characters of the play
  4. Why do you like or dislike the characters in the play? How do your feelings towards them develop and change?
  5. Playwrights find non-realistic ways of allowing an audience to see into the minds and motives of their characters, for example soliloquy, aside or music. Consider how much such dramatic devices are used in the play you are studying.
  6. Think of the playwright writing the play. Why were these particular arrangements of events, characters and speeches chose?
  7. Cite exact sources for all quotations, whether from the text itself or from critical commentaries. Wherever possible find your own examples from the play to back up your opinions.
  8. Always express your ideas in your own words.

OPEF Learning platform offers an introduction and insight to Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller; OPEF Learning online revision notes cannot substitute for close reading of the text and the study of secondary sources.

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Poetry: The General Prologue

About The Canterbury Tales:

Geoffrey Chaucer wrote The Canterbury Tales, a collection of stories in a frame story, between 1387 and 1400. It is the story of a group of thirty people who travel as pilgrims to Canterbury (England). The pilgrims, who come from all layers of society, tell stories to each other to kill time while they travel to Canterbury. He never finished his enormous project and even the completed tales were not finally revised. Scholars are uncertain about the order of the tales. As the printing press had yet to be invented when Chaucer wrote his works, The Canterbury Tales has been passed down in several handwritten manuscripts.

About The General Prologue:

The General Prologue is the key to The Canterbury tales that narrates about the gathering of a group of people in an inn that intend to go on a pilgrimage to Canterbury (England) next morning. In the General Prologue, the narrator of The Canterbury Tales, who is one of the intended pilgrims, provides more or less accurate depictions of the members of the group and describes why and how The Canterbury Tales is told. If we trust the General Prologue, Chaucer determined that each pilgrim should tell two tales on the way to Canterbury and two tales on the way back. The host of the inn offers to be and is appointed as judge of the tales as they are told and is supposed to determine the best hence winning tale. As mentioned before, The Canterbury Tales was never finished.

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Poetry: The Merchant's Prologue and Tale

Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales:The Merchant's Prologue and Tale

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Literature: GCE AL Mock Exams OLD & NEW SYLLABUS

Access unlimited GCE AL Literature Paper 1 & 2 Mock Exams set by seasoned teachers with GCE AL marking experience to enhance your knowledge, understanding and competence in the subject.

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